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Could you provide guidance on how to import functions from Python files that are situated in diverse directories utilizing the import statement?
To import functions from .py files that are stored in different directories, you can use the sys and os modules to modify the Python path and import the necessary modules. Here's an example:
Suppose you have two directories, dir1 and dir2, each containing a .py file with some functions:
dir1/ file1.py dir2/ file2.py
To import a function called my_function from file1.py, which is located in dir1, you can add the path to dir1 to the Python path using sys.path.append(), and then use the import statement to import the function:
import sys import os # Add the path to dir1 to the Python path sys.path.append(os.path.abspath('./dir1')) # Import the function from file1.py from file1 import my_function
Similarly, to import a function called another_function from file2.py, which is located in dir2, you can add the path to dir2 to the Python path and import the function:
# Add the path to dir2 to the Python path sys.path.append(os.path.abspath('./dir2')) # Import the function from file2.py from file2 import another_function
Note that you can use the os.path.abspath() function to get the absolute path of a directory, which is required when adding the directory to the Python path. Also, make sure that the directory and file names are spelled correctly and that the file contains the necessary function.
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