Python MySQL - Limit

Neha Kumawat

9 months ago

Python MySQL - Limit | Insideaiml
Python MySQL - Limit | Insideaiml
While fetching records if you want to limit them by a particular number, you can do so, using the LIMIT clause of MYSQL.

Example

Assume we have created a table in MySQL with name EMPLOYEES as −

mysql> CREATE TABLE EMPLOYEE(
   FIRST_NAME CHAR(20) NOT NULL,
   LAST_NAME CHAR(20),
   AGE INT,
   SEX CHAR(1),
   INCOME FLOAT
);
Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.36 sec)
And if we have inserted 4 records into it using INSERT statements as −

mysql> INSERT INTO EMPLOYEE VALUES
   ('Krishna', 'Sharma', 19, 'M', 2000),
   ('Raj', 'Kandukuri', 20, 'M', 7000),
   ('Ramya', 'Ramapriya', 25, 'F', 5000),
   ('Mac', 'Mohan', 26, 'M', 2000);
Following SQL statement retrieves the first two records of the Employee table using the LIMIT clause.

SELECT * FROM EMPLOYEE LIMIT 2;
+------------+-----------+------+------+--------+
| FIRST_NAME | LAST_NAME | AGE  | SEX  | INCOME |
+------------+-----------+------+------+--------+
| Krishna    | Sharma    |    19| M    | 2000   |
| Raj        | Kandukuri |    20| M    | 7000   |
+------------+-----------+------+------+--------+
2 rows in set (0.00 sec)

Limit Clause Using Python

If you invoke the execute() method on the cursor object by passing the SELECT query along with the LIMIT clause, you can retrieve required number of records.

Example

Following python example creates and populates a table with name EMPLOYEE and, using the LIMIT clause it fetches the first two records of it.

import mysql.connector
#establishing the connection
conn = mysql.connector.connect(
   user='root', password='password', host='127.0.0.1', database='mydb'
)

#Creating a cursor object using the cursor() method
cursor = conn.cursor()

#Retrieving single row
sql = '''SELECT * from EMPLOYEE LIMIT 2'''

#Executing the query
cursor.execute(sql)

#Fetching the data
result = cursor.fetchall();
print(result)

#Closing the connection
conn.close()

Output

[('Krishna', 'Sharma', 26, 'M', 2000.0), ('Raj', 'Kandukuri', 20, 'M', 7000.0)]

LIMIT with OFFSET

If you need to limit the records starting from nth record (not 1st), you can do so, using OFFSET along with LIMIT.

Example


import mysql.connector
#establishing the connection
conn = mysql.connector.connect(
   user='root', password='password', host='127.0.0.1', database='mydb'
)

#Creating a cursor object using the cursor() method
cursor = conn.cursor()

#Retrieving single row
sql = '''SELECT * from EMPLOYEE LIMIT 2 OFFSET 2'''

#Executing the query
cursor.execute(sql)

#Fetching the data
result = cursor.fetchall();
print(result)

#Closing the connection
conn.close()

Output

[('Ramya', 'Ramapriya', 29, 'F', 5000.0), ('Mac', 'Mohan', 26, 'M', 2000.0)]
I hope you enjoyed reading this article and finally, you came to know about Python MySQL - Limit.
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