Python MySQL - Create Database

Neha Kumawat

a year ago

You can create a database in MYSQL using the CREATE DATABASE query.

Syntax

Following is the syntax of the CREATE DATABASE query −

CREATE DATABASE name_of_the_database

Example

Following statement creates a database with name mydb in MySQL −

mysql> CREATE DATABASE mydb;
Query OK, 1 row affected (0.04 sec)
If you observe the list of databases using the SHOW DATABASES statement, you can observe the newly created database in it as shown below −

mysql> SHOW DATABASES;
+--------------------+
| Database           |
+--------------------+
| information_schema |
| logging            |
| mydatabase         |
| mydb               |
| performance_schema |
| students           |
| sys                |
+--------------------+
26 rows in set (0.15 sec)

Creating a Database in MySQL Using Python

After establishing connection with MySQL, to manipulate data in it you need to connect to a database. You can connect to an existing database or, create your own.
You would need special privileges to create or to delete a MySQL database. So if you have access to the root user, you can create any database.

Example

Following example establishes connection with MYSQL and creates a database in it.

import mysql.connector

#establishing the connection
conn = mysql.connector.connect(user='root', password='password', host='127.0.0.1')

#Creating a cursor object using the cursor() method
cursor = conn.cursor()

#Doping database MYDATABASE if already exists.
cursor.execute("DROP database IF EXISTS MyDatabase")

#Preparing query to create a database
sql = "CREATE database MYDATABASE";

#Creating a database
cursor.execute(sql)

#Retrieving the list of databases
print("List of databases: ")
cursor.execute("SHOW DATABASES")
print(cursor.fetchall())

#Closing the connection
conn.close()

Output


List of databases:
[
   ('information_schema',), 
   ('dbbug61332',), 
   ('details',), 
   ('exampledatabase',), 
   ('mydatabase',), 
   ('mydb',), 
   ('mysql',), 
   ('performance_schema',)
]

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