Python Design Patterns - Sets

Neha Kumawat

6 months ago

Python Design Patterns - Set
            A set can be defined as unordered collection that is iterable, mutable and there is no inclusion of duplicate elements in it. In Python, set class is a notation of mathematical set. The main advantage of using a set is that it includes highly optimized method for checking specific element.
Python includes a separate category called frozen sets. These sets are immutable objects that only support methods and operators that produce a required result.

How to Implement Sets?

The following program helps in the implementation of sets −

# Set in Python

# Creating two sets
set1 = set()
set2 = set()

# Adding elements to set1
for i in range(1, 6):
   set1.add(i)

# Adding elements to set2
for i in range(3, 8):
   set2.add(i)

print("Set1 = ", set1)
print("Set2 = ", set2)
print("\n")

# Union of set1 and set2
set3 = set1 | set2# set1.union(set2)
print("Union of Set1 & Set2: Set3 = ", set3)

# Intersection of set1 and set2
set4 = set1 & set2# set1.intersection(set2)
print("Intersection of Set1 & Set2: Set4 = ", set4)
print("\n")

# Checking relation between set3 and set4
if set3 > set4: # set3.issuperset(set4)
   print("Set3 is superset of Set4")
elif set3 < set4: # set3.issubset(set4)
   print("Set3 is subset of Set4")
else : # set3 == set4
   print("Set3 is same as Set4")

# displaying relation between set4 and set3
if set4 < set3: # set4.issubset(set3)
   print("Set4 is subset of Set3")
   print("\n")

# difference between set3 and set4
set5 = set3 - set4
print("Elements in Set3 and not in Set4: Set5 = ", set5)
print("\n")

# checkv if set4 and set5 are disjoint sets
if set4.isdisjoint(set5):
   print("Set4 and Set5 have nothing in common\n")

# Removing all the values of set5
set5.clear()

print("After applying clear on sets Set5: ")
print("Set5 = ", set5)

Output

The above program generates the following output −
The frozen set can be demonstrated using the following program −

normal_set = set(["a", "b","c"])

# Adding an element to normal set is fine
normal_set.add("d")

print("Normal Set")
print(normal_set)

# A frozen set
frozen_set = frozenset(["e", "f", "g"])

print("Frozen Set")
print(frozen_set)

Output

The above program generates the following output −
Like the Blog, then Share it with your friends and colleagues to make this AI community stronger. 
To learn more about nuances of Artificial Intelligence, Python Programming, Deep Learning, Data Science and Machine Learning, visit our insideAIML blog page.
Keep Learning. Keep Growing. 

Submit Review