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Embedded programming in the Internet of Things

Kajal Pawar

3 years ago

Table of Content
  • What is embedded programming?
  • Embedded programming and IoT
           Embedded programming has a long history of making devices do what people need. However, it remains outshined by application programming: when application programmers were embracing high-level object-oriented languages like C++ or Java, or graphical application development environments like MATLAB, embedded programmers were only moving from assembly language to C. Besides, they were always outnumbered by app programmers — simply because now even hobbyists can develop an app using an easy language and upload it to the cloud, while embedded programmers need to have profound knowledge of the hardware platform.
With the emergence of the Internet of Things (IoT), the balance can finally change. Now that every thermostat, toaster, watch, and a light bulb is equipped with a processor, the market needs more embedded programmers to program these devices, and consequently, simpler tools to allow the programmers to write code without plunging into the hardware.
But first!

What is embedded programming?

️           According to Technopedia, embedded programming is a specific type of programming that supports the creation of consumer-facing or business facing devices that don’t operate on traditional operating systems the way that full-scale laptop computers and mobile devices do. The idea of embedded programming is part of what drives the evolution of digital appliances and equipment in today’s IT markets.
If explained in simpler words, embedded programming is designing software for small computers that drive devices; essentially, it is the dominant methodology for microcontroller and microcomputer programming used in small facilities-handling devices like thermostats, handheld games, or other small devices.

Embedded programming and IoT

              From the engineering perspective, the Internet of Things is an embedded microprocessor-controlled system connected directly or indirectly to the web. The three pillars of the IoT are therefore embedded programming, network technology, and information technology. The embedded system of a device collects data from a sensor and sends it to the cloud using a wifi module — basically, it means that you can turn your embedded device into an IoT device by simply giving it Internet access.
The IoT is everywhere, and so are embedded devices:
  • Industrial world, such as industrial machinery and control, temperature monitoring, or cognitive anomaly detection — the recent challenges of embedded systems turned them towards automation.
  • Healthcare, including blood pressure monitors, heartbeat monitors, and pacemakers.
  • Aerospace and Defense with such applications as flight control systems, actuation, air, and thermal management, engine power control, and many others.
Smart Homes, including Home Security system, Setup Box, Digital Camera, Television, Microwave Oven, Air Conditioner, Refrigerator, and much more.
I hope you enjoyed reading this article and finally you came to know about Embedded programming in the Internet of Things.
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