programming has a long history of making devices do what people need. However,
it remains outshined by application programming: when application programmers
were embracing high-level object-oriented languages like C++ or Java, or
graphical application development environments like MATLAB, embedded
programmers were only moving from assembly language to C. Besides, they were
always outnumbered by app programmers — simply because now even hobbyists can
develop an app using an easy language and upload it to the cloud, while embedded
programmers need to have profound knowledge of the hardware platform.
With the emergence of the
Internet of Things (IoT), the balance can finally change. Now that every
thermostat, toaster, watch, and a light bulb is equipped with a processor, the market needs more embedded programmers to program these devices, and
consequently, simpler tools to allow the programmers to write code without
plunging into the hardware.
What is embedded programming?
️ According to Technopedia,
embedded programming is a specific type of programming that supports the
creation of consumer-facing or business facing devices that don’t operate on
traditional operating systems the way that full-scale laptop computers and
mobile devices do. The idea of embedded programming is part of what drives the
evolution of digital appliances and equipment in today’s IT markets.
If explained in simpler words,
embedded programming is designing software for small computers that drive
devices; essentially, it is the dominant methodology for microcontroller and
microcomputer programming used in small facilities-handling devices like
thermostats, handheld games, or other small devices.
Embedded programming and IoT
From the engineering perspective,
the Internet of Things is an embedded microprocessor-controlled system
connected directly or indirectly to the web. The three pillars of the IoT are
therefore embedded programming, network technology, and information technology.
The embedded system of a device collects data from a sensor and sends it to the
cloud using a wifi module — basically, it means that you can turn
your embedded device into an IoT device by simply giving it
is everywhere, and so are embedded devices:
Industrial world, such as
industrial machinery and control, temperature monitoring, or cognitive
anomaly detection — the recent challenges of embedded systems turned them
Healthcare, including blood
pressure monitors, heartbeat monitors, and pacemakers.
Aerospace and Defense with
such applications as flight control systems, actuation, air, and
thermal management, engine power control, and many others.
Smart Homes, including Home Security system,
Setup Box, Digital Camera, Television, Microwave Oven, Air Conditioner,
Refrigerator, and much more.
I hope you enjoyed reading this article and finally you came
to know about Embedded programming in the Internet of Things.
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