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# Aggregations in Pandas

Ashish Katri

a year ago

• Aggregations on DataFrame
• Aggregation on a Whole Dataframe
• Aggregation on a Single Column of a Dataframe
• Aggregation on Multiple Columns of a DataFrame
• Multiple Functions on a Single Column of a DataFrame
• Multiple Functions on Multiple Columns of a DataFrame
• Different Functions to Different Columns of a Dataframe
One of the most common methods in any data analysis is process is getting summarization of the large dataset.
So computing aggregations like sum(), mean(), median(), min(), and max(), in which a single number gives insight into the nature of a potentially large dataset.
In this article, we'll explore some of the simple aggregation’s methods in Pandas.

## Aggregations on DataFrame

Let us first create a DataFrame and apply aggregations on it.
``````import pandas as pd
import numpy as np

df = pd.DataFrame(np.random.randn(10, 4),
index = pd.date_range('1/1/2000', periods=10),
columns = ['A', 'B', 'C', 'D'])

print(df)
r = df.rolling(window=3,min_periods=1)
print(r)

``````
Its output is as follows −
``````                    A           B           C           D
2000-01-01   1.088512   -0.650942   -2.547450   -0.566858
2000-01-02   0.790670   -0.387854   -0.668132    0.267283
2000-01-03  -0.575523   -0.965025    0.060427   -2.179780
2000-01-04   1.669653    1.211759   -0.254695    1.429166
2000-01-05   0.100568   -0.236184    0.491646   -0.466081
2000-01-06   0.155172    0.992975   -1.205134    0.320958
2000-01-07   0.309468   -0.724053   -1.412446    0.627919
2000-01-08   0.099489   -1.028040    0.163206   -1.274331
2000-01-09   1.639500   -0.068443    0.714008   -0.565969
2000-01-10   0.326761    1.479841    0.664282   -1.361169
Rolling [window=3,min_periods=1,center=false,axis=0]``````
We can aggregate by passing a function to the entire DataFrame, or select a column via the standard get item method.

## Aggregation on a Whole Dataframe

``````import pandas as pd
import numpy as np

df = pd.DataFrame(np.random.randn(10, 4),
index = pd.date_range('1/1/2000', periods=10),
columns = ['A', 'B', 'C', 'D'])
print(df)
r = df.rolling(window=3,min_periods=1)
print(r.aggregate(np.sum))``````
Its output is as follows −
``````                    A           B           C           D
2000-01-01   1.088512   -0.650942   -2.547450   -0.566858
2000-01-02   1.879182   -1.038796   -3.215581   -0.299575
2000-01-03   1.303660   -2.003821   -3.155154   -2.479355
2000-01-04   1.884801   -0.141119   -0.862400   -0.483331
2000-01-05   1.194699    0.010551    0.297378   -1.216695
2000-01-06   1.925393    1.968551   -0.968183    1.284044
2000-01-07   0.565208    0.032738   -2.125934    0.482797
2000-01-08   0.564129   -0.759118   -2.454374   -0.325454
2000-01-09   2.048458   -1.820537   -0.535232   -1.212381
2000-01-10   2.065750    0.383357    1.541496   -3.201469
A           B           C           D
2000-01-01   1.088512   -0.650942   -2.547450   -0.566858
2000-01-02   1.879182   -1.038796   -3.215581   -0.299575
2000-01-03   1.303660   -2.003821   -3.155154   -2.479355
2000-01-04   1.884801   -0.141119   -0.862400   -0.483331
2000-01-05   1.194699    0.010551    0.297378   -1.216695
2000-01-06   1.925393    1.968551   -0.968183    1.284044
2000-01-07   0.565208    0.032738   -2.125934    0.482797
2000-01-08   0.564129   -0.759118   -2.454374   -0.325454
2000-01-09   2.048458   -1.820537   -0.535232   -1.212381
2000-01-10   2.065750    0.383357    1.541496   -3.201469``````

## Aggregation on a Single Column of a Dataframe

``````
import pandas as pd
import numpy as np

df = pd.DataFrame(np.random.randn(10, 4),
index = pd.date_range('1/1/2000', periods=10),
columns = ['A', 'B', 'C', 'D'])
print(df)
r = df.rolling(window=3,min_periods=1)
print(r['A'].aggregate(np.sum))``````
Its output is as follows −
``````          A           B           C           D
2000-01-01   1.088512   -0.650942   -2.547450   -0.566858
2000-01-02   1.879182   -1.038796   -3.215581   -0.299575
2000-01-03   1.303660   -2.003821   -3.155154   -2.479355
2000-01-04   1.884801   -0.141119   -0.862400   -0.483331
2000-01-05   1.194699    0.010551    0.297378   -1.216695
2000-01-06   1.925393    1.968551   -0.968183    1.284044
2000-01-07   0.565208    0.032738   -2.125934    0.482797
2000-01-08   0.564129   -0.759118   -2.454374   -0.325454
2000-01-09   2.048458   -1.820537   -0.535232   -1.212381
2000-01-10   2.065750    0.383357    1.541496   -3.201469
2000-01-01   1.088512
2000-01-02   1.879182
2000-01-03   1.303660
2000-01-04   1.884801
2000-01-05   1.194699
2000-01-06   1.925393
2000-01-07   0.565208
2000-01-08   0.564129
2000-01-09   2.048458
2000-01-10   2.065750
Freq: D, Name: A, dtype: float64``````

## Aggregation on Multiple Columns of a DataFrame

``````import pandas as pd
import numpy as np

df = pd.DataFrame(np.random.randn(10, 4),
index = pd.date_range('1/1/2000', periods=10),
columns = ['A', 'B', 'C', 'D'])
print(df)
r = df.rolling(window=3,min_periods=1)
print(r[['A','B']].aggregate(np.sum))``````
Its output is as follows −
``````              A           B           C           D
2000-01-01   1.088512   -0.650942   -2.547450   -0.566858
2000-01-02   1.879182   -1.038796   -3.215581   -0.299575
2000-01-03   1.303660   -2.003821   -3.155154   -2.479355
2000-01-04   1.884801   -0.141119   -0.862400   -0.483331
2000-01-05   1.194699    0.010551    0.297378   -1.216695
2000-01-06   1.925393    1.968551   -0.968183    1.284044
2000-01-07   0.565208    0.032738   -2.125934    0.482797
2000-01-08   0.564129   -0.759118   -2.454374   -0.325454
2000-01-09   2.048458   -1.820537   -0.535232   -1.212381
2000-01-10   2.065750    0.383357    1.541496   -3.201469
A           B
2000-01-01   1.088512   -0.650942
2000-01-02   1.879182   -1.038796
2000-01-03   1.303660   -2.003821
2000-01-04   1.884801   -0.141119
2000-01-05   1.194699    0.010551
2000-01-06   1.925393    1.968551
2000-01-07   0.565208    0.032738
2000-01-08   0.564129   -0.759118
2000-01-09   2.048458   -1.820537
2000-01-10   2.065750    0.383357``````

## Multiple Functions on a Single Column of a DataFrame

``````
import pandas as pd
import numpy as np

df = pd.DataFrame(np.random.randn(10, 4),
index = pd.date_range('1/1/2000', periods=10),
columns = ['A', 'B', 'C', 'D'])
print(df)
r = df.rolling(window=3,min_periods=1)
print(r['A'].aggregate([np.sum,np.mean]))``````
Its output is as follows −
``````                A           B           C           D
2000-01-01   1.088512   -0.650942   -2.547450   -0.566858
2000-01-02   1.879182   -1.038796   -3.215581   -0.299575
2000-01-03   1.303660   -2.003821   -3.155154   -2.479355
2000-01-04   1.884801   -0.141119   -0.862400   -0.483331
2000-01-05   1.194699    0.010551    0.297378   -1.216695
2000-01-06   1.925393    1.968551   -0.968183    1.284044
2000-01-07   0.565208    0.032738   -2.125934    0.482797
2000-01-08   0.564129   -0.759118   -2.454374   -0.325454
2000-01-09   2.048458   -1.820537   -0.535232   -1.212381
2000-01-10   2.065750    0.383357    1.541496   -3.201469
sum       mean
2000-01-01   1.088512   1.088512
2000-01-02   1.879182   0.939591
2000-01-03   1.303660   0.434553
2000-01-04   1.884801   0.628267
2000-01-05   1.194699   0.398233
2000-01-06   1.925393   0.641798
2000-01-07   0.565208   0.188403
2000-01-08   0.564129   0.188043
2000-01-09   2.048458   0.682819
2000-01-10   2.065750   0.688583``````

## Multiple Functions on Multiple Columns of a DataFrame

``````import pandas as pd
import numpy as np

df = pd.DataFrame(np.random.randn(10, 4),
index = pd.date_range('1/1/2000', periods=10),
columns = ['A', 'B', 'C', 'D'])
print df
r = df.rolling(window=3,min_periods=1)
print(r[['A','B']].aggregate([np.sum,np.mean]))``````
Its output is as follows −
``````     A           B           C           D
2000-01-01   1.088512   -0.650942   -2.547450   -0.566858
2000-01-02   1.879182   -1.038796   -3.215581   -0.299575
2000-01-03   1.303660   -2.003821   -3.155154   -2.479355
2000-01-04   1.884801   -0.141119   -0.862400   -0.483331
2000-01-05   1.194699    0.010551    0.297378   -1.216695
2000-01-06   1.925393    1.968551   -0.968183    1.284044
2000-01-07   0.565208    0.032738   -2.125934    0.482797
2000-01-08   0.564129   -0.759118   -2.454374   -0.325454
2000-01-09   2.048458   -1.820537   -0.535232   -1.212381
2000-01-10   2.065750    0.383357    1.541496   -3.201469
A                      B
sum       mean         sum        mean
2000-01-01   1.088512   1.088512   -0.650942   -0.650942
2000-01-02   1.879182   0.939591   -1.038796   -0.519398
2000-01-03   1.303660   0.434553   -2.003821   -0.667940
2000-01-04   1.884801   0.628267   -0.141119   -0.047040
2000-01-05   1.194699   0.398233    0.010551    0.003517
2000-01-06   1.925393   0.641798    1.968551    0.656184
2000-01-07   0.565208   0.188403    0.032738    0.010913
2000-01-08   0.564129   0.188043   -0.759118   -0.253039
2000-01-09   2.048458   0.682819   -1.820537   -0.606846
2000-01-10   2.065750   0.688583    0.383357    0.127786``````

## Different Functions to Different Columns of a Dataframe

``````import pandas as pd
import numpy as np

df = pd.DataFrame(np.random.randn(3, 4),
index = pd.date_range('1/1/2000', periods=3),
columns = ['A', 'B', 'C', 'D'])
print(df)
r = df.rolling(window=3,min_periods=1)
print(r.aggregate({'A' : np.sum,'B' : np.mean}))``````
Its output is as follows −
``````                    A          B          C         D
2000-01-01  -1.575749  -1.018105   0.317797  0.545081
2000-01-02  -0.164917  -1.361068   0.258240  1.113091
2000-01-03   1.258111   1.037941  -0.047487  0.867371
A          B
2000-01-01  -1.575749  -1.018105
2000-01-02  -1.740666  -1.189587
2000-01-03  -0.482555  -0.447078``````